Summarizes All of The System Databases.

SQL Server maintains a set of system-level databases, system databases, which are essential for the operation of a server instance. Several of the system databases must be backed up after every significant update. The system databases that you must always back up include msdbmaster, and model. If any database uses replication on the server instance, there is a distribution system database that you must also back up. Backups of these system databases let you restore and recover the SQL Server system in the event of system failure, such as the loss of a hard disk.

The following table summarizes all of the system databases.

System database Description Are backups required? Recovery model Comments
master The database that records all of the system level information for a SQL Server system. Yes Simple Back up master as often as necessary to protect the data sufficiently for your business needs. We recommend a regular backup schedule, which you can supplement with an additional backup after a substantial update.
model The template for all databases that are created on the instance of SQL Server. Yes User configurable1 Back up model only when necessary for your business needs; for example, immediately after customizing its database options.Best practice:  We recommend that you create only full database backups of model, as required. Because model is small and rarely changes, backing up the log is unnecessary.

 

msdb The database used by SQL Server Agent for scheduling alerts and jobs, and for recording operators. msdb also contains history tables such as the backup and restore history tables. Yes Simple (default) Back up msdb whenever it is updated.
Resource(RDB) A read-only database that contains copies of all system objects that ship with Microsoft SQL Server 2005 or later versions. No The Resource database resides in the mssqlsystemresource.mdf file, which contains only code. Therefore, SQL Server cannot back up the Resource database.

NoteNote
You can perform a file-based or a disk-based backup on the mssqlsystemresource.mdf file by treating the file as if it were a binary (.exe) file, instead of a database file. But you cannot use SQL Server restore on the backups. Restoring a backup copy of mssqlsystemresource.mdf can only be done manually, and you must be careful not to overwrite the current Resourcedatabase with an out-of-date or potentially insecure version.
tempdb A workspace for holding temporary or intermediate result sets. This database is re-created every time an instance of SQL Server is started. When the server instance is shut down, any data in tempdb is deleted permanently. No Simple You cannot back up the tempdb system database.
Configuring Distribution A database that exists only if the server is configured as a replication Distributor. This database stores metadata and history data for all types of replication, and transactions for transactional replication. Yes Simple For information about when to back up thedistribution database,
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About alamzyah
Name : Alamsyah Nick Name : Alamzyah Place of Birth : Jakarta, 04 June 1983 sex : Male Religion : Moslem Region : Jakarta, Indonesia Specialist : IT, Computer mail : alamzyah@gmail.com

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